Darwinism and the problem of Allopatric Speciation

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I’ve been rolling this problem around in my head for a number of years.  It’s a significant problem I think with the current Allopatric Speciation hypothesis of speciation.  That is, how does a species change to another species.  Darwin stated this was a major problem with his theory and was honest enough to admit it.  The most widely accepted hypothesis is that species become segmented by physical barriers, such as islands, and over time the two separate bodies of the species change independent of one another until they can no longer breed with the other.  I offer some problems that I see with this hypothesis in this slide show I created.  You can click on the slides to enlarge them.  This thought needs to be refined, but this is where it’s at right now.

Some Darwinists argue that a segment of a species’ population can become separated from another segment, and that over time, the two segments develop characteristics which correspond with their current environments. This is called Allopatric Speciation.

A problem with this hypothesis is that it assumes the passing on of mutations that prevent breeding with the former species occur en masse.  Even Darwinists admit that such mutations are extremely rare.  So, are we to think that the mutation, which condemns the newly formed species to only breeding with species of the same type, occurred in more than one species representative (creature) at roughly the same time, so as to enable mating?  And even if the mutation did occur in a handful of creatures, what is the chance of them actually finding one of the other extremely rare mates on say, an island?  But Darwinists, again, say these mutations are exceedingly rare.

Suppose a new species spontaneously generates within a proverbial warm pool of water. Of course, the idea of spontaneously generated life is a massive assumption we must make to even begin to argue in favor of the Darwinist view.  Life has never been observed to simply “occur” and if we consider that scientists have been able to manipulate chemicals in a laboratory in a way that makes them take on some attributes of life presents an argument for intelligent design not random biogenesis.  How am I defining a species?  Well, Darwin himself was not quite sure how to define species.  Darwin stated: “I was much struck how entirely vague and arbitrary is the distinction between species and varieties.” [1]  What is the difference between species of lizards and horses?  I’m quite simply defining a species as a set of creatures that are able to successfully mate with one another and produce offspring.  If some want to quibble about this, we’ll have to do it in another venue, but in order to demonstrate the problem of a newly generated creature finding a mate under the Darwinian model, I’m going to define species as thus.

Suppose that, in the earliest times of primitive life,  a specific habitat—the pool of water—is inhabited by a certain species, Species A.  There are several examples of this Species A in the pool, and after a number of mating sequences, another species is produced through mutation.  But wait, the Darwinist will say,  it doesn’t work that way.  The new “species” will merely have changed by something we call mutation.  Well, at some point, original life had to make a jump from one species to another.  There had to be a point where one species produced another species, and if we adhere to the above definition of a species, that new species (B) will not be able to produce offspring if it mates with the old species (A).  We know this had to happen at some point, because there are many, many species that are unable to mate with any other species.  Beneficial mutations may occur (hypothetically) within a species, but those mutations do not constitute a change of species, because the creation of offspring is still possible through mating with the old species.

[1] Charles Darwin, On the Origins of Species, pg 48

Again, we’ll make another huge leap in our assumption that a beneficial mutation can occur, and that a mutation of such a scale as to produce another species can occur at all.  Scientist David Berlinski states that no computer model has thus been created that shows evolution occurs as Darwinists say it does.  Only with severe intelligent tinkering does something even close happen.  And when we consider Borel’s Law—that any event with a probability of occurring of less than 1 to〖 10〗^50 (1 to 10 to the 50th power) will never occur.  That number looks like this: 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 .  The probability, according to Carl Sagan, that a single protein found in the human body could spontaneously generate from the 20 amino acids found in the human body (and over 2 million different protein, comprised of those amino acids), is approximately 1 to 〖10〗^130.  (1 to 10 to the 130th power) [2] But Darwinists want us to believe that this occurs over and over for millions of years—yet we never observe it.

This is important because when a new species is generated, the chances of it finding a mate that has also crossed the reproductive barrier at the exact same genetic “gate” would seem to be even smaller than the mutation occurring in the first place.

[2] Carl Sagan, Encyclopedia Britannica

 

The Hypothesis of Allopatric Speciation is not sufficient to explain speciation.  Even when physical barriers are introduced, the separated portion of the species must still, at some point, fall over the cliff which prevents it from breeding with its old species.  It must occur, mathematically speaking, on an individual level, and cannot occur spontaneously among several creatures.Darwinists want to explain this through Genetic Drift.  They say that a species genetic makeup changes over time.  And this may be true, however, at some point it is no longer capable of mating with the old breed.  At least according to Darwinism. Remember–and this is a very important point–mutations happen to individual plants or animals, not large portions of a population.

Summary:  Darwinists need to show the mechanism by which a newly generated species which has taken on new traits and crossed over the reproductive barrier find a mate that has crossed over the barrier at the exact same “genetic gate.”  The infinitesimally small chances of positive mutations occurring are enormous compared to probability of  a mutation, speciation, and the finding of a mate of the exact same (and new) genetic makeup.

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3 thoughts on “Darwinism and the problem of Allopatric Speciation

    WTP said:
    October 16, 2011 at 4:57 pm

    Not nearly qualified in biology enough to get this deep in the subject, but I think you’re using a bit of a strawman in your Dawinists. Either way, and not directly to your point but fairly relevant is the Red Queen theory. There was an article in the WSJ yesterday about this which you may want to consider. Here’s the link, but it might be behind a subscriber wall. If not, these links sometimes are only available for a week at a time so you may want to save it when you access it.

    http://online.wsj.com/article_email/SB10001424052970203633104576625152239037650-lMyQjAxMTAxMDEwNjExNDYyWj.html?mod=wsj_share_email_bot

    If you can’t access, let me know and I can cut/paste it to you. Enjoy your research.

    Lou said:
    October 18, 2011 at 12:21 pm

    I have had similar thoughts and questions, but not nearly so scientific as you put it. What really amazes me is the evolution of this theory going from being a theory to being a fact, and anyone not buying into Darwin’s theory is now ridiculed. In my lifetime, I have witnessed the change in how evolution was presented and accepted – the media and public schools playing a big part. I wonder why more scientists don’t stand up and point out the fallacies as you did. It makes me question other scientific research – like global warming. It also makes me question the way some history has been taught/passed down. It seems it is not so difficult to shape the minds of generations.

    Royce said:
    October 18, 2011 at 1:23 pm

    I have written several times (Puntocracy) on the topic of Intelligent design but never so effectively or elequently as you have in this article. I have copied it and have forwarded it to several people. I have degrees in Geology / Math/ and technical management so I am familiar with Evolution and Paleontology. I have always maintained that Evolution has some significant flaws and that challenges to Evolution do not make one a “creationist”. I have also maintained that Evolution as expressed by Dawkins borders on religion. This was an excellent article.

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